By Shana Ting Lipton. For more than 50 years, offenders have been required to register with their local law enforcement agencies. The law, which was implemented in , makes this information more easily accessible as easy as an online search on your computer. The California database contains more than 77, offenders. The intention is to arm local communities and parents with information through which they can protect themselves and their children from rapists, child molesters, and other sex offenders. The intention is not to punish the offenders by "outing" them but to give people in the community some control and peace of mind by providing them with valuable information through an instant channel.
California bill to end alleged LGBT discrimination on sex offender list stirs controversy
Penal Code - California’s "habitual sexual offender" law
Jerry Brown, changed the sex offender registry into a three-tiered system with different time requirements for which offenders will be registered: 10 years, 20 years and life. However, in the new tiered system, sexual predators who molest 14 or 15 year old children are required to register for life. But those predators who molest children under age 14 only have to register for 20 years. On the flip side, Sen. As it was originally written, SB said offenders would not have to automatically register as sex offenders if the offenders are within 10 years of age of the minor. The age of consent in California is 18, meaning it is illegal to engage in sexual intercourse with a person under the age of California Code Section
That disparate treatment lingers from a historic criminalization of gay sex that California struck from law decades ago. Critics warn that it leaves LGBT young people vulnerable to unfair punishment in more conservative parts of the state where local prosecutors might be more inclined to pursue such cases. State Sen. Scott Wiener, D-San Francisco, hopes to eliminate the discrepancy with a bill giving judges discretion over sex-offender registration in all cases involving voluntary intercourse between teenagers and young adults. When California created its sex-offender registry system in , anal and oral sex were illegal, as was vaginal penetration with anything other than a penis.
In order for the public to be better informed, registered sex offenders have been categorized into classifications based upon their offense conviction and level of threat to the community. A serious offender is a registrant whose underlying offense is either a certain felony sex offense or misdemeanor child molestation. These offenses will include all felony sex offenses for which registration is required, with the exception of spousal rape, pornography and related offenses, and indecent exposure. These offenders include offenders convicted of pornography, spousal rape, indecent exposure, misdemeanor sexual battery, or juveniles adjudicated in juvenile court. If you are a sex offender required to register pursuant to Penal Code Section and living in the City of Santa Ana or moving into the city, you must register in accordance with California Penal Code Section